Henryson (Henderson), Robert

(?1430-?1506)
   The details of his birth are sketchy, but it can be judged from his writings that he was a schoolmaster of Dunfermline, Fifeshire, possibly at the Benedictine school at Dunfermline Abbey. He appears among the dead poets in William Dunbar's Lament for the Makaris (see Henry the Minstrel). One of the "Scottish Chaucerian" school (he and Dunbar its most prominent members), he is considered to be one of the finest early writers of fables. The translation of Aesop's Fables-The Morall Fabillis of Esope the Phrygian, and the Phrygian, Compylit in Eloquent and Ornate Scottis, a version of 13 fables based mainly on John Lydgate (see entry) and William Caxton, are his early works. His other main work is The Testament of Cresseid I (1663) a sequel to Chaucer's Troilus and Criseyde. Some of his other poems (all written in early Scots): "Aganis Haisty Credence of Titlaris," "Orpheus and Eurydice," "Sum Practysis of Medecyne," "The Bludy Serk [shirt]," "The Garmont of Gud Ladeis," "The Prais of Aige," "The Ressoning betuix Deth and Man Deth," "The Thre Deid Pollis," "Want of Wyse Men."
   Sources: An Anthology of Catholic Poets. Shane Leslie, ed. Macmillan, 1952. Dictionary of National Biography. Electronic Edition 1.1. Oxford University Press, 1997. Encyclopædia Britannica Ultimate Reference Suite DVD, 2006. English Poetry: Author Search. Chadwyck-Healey Ltd., 1995 (http://www.lib.utexas.edu:8080/search/epoetry/author.html). Everyman's Book of English Verse. John Wain, ed. J.M. Dent, 1981. Scottish Literature 1: What were/are the Middle Ages? (http://www.englit.ed.ac.uk/studying/undergrd/scottish_lit_1/Handouts/sd_intro_middleages.htm) . The Columbia Granger's Index to Poetry. 11th ed. The Columbia Granger's World of Poetry, Columbia University Press, 2005 (http://www.columbiagrangers.org). The Oxford Companion to English Literature. 6th edition. Margaret Drabble, ed. Oxford University Press, 2000. The Poems and Fables of Robert Henryson. H. Harvey Wood, ed. Barnes and Noble, 1968.

British and Irish poets. A biographical dictionary. . 2015.

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  • Henderson, Robert —    See Henryson, Robert …   British and Irish poets

  • Robert Henryson — was a poet who flourished in Scotland in the period c.1460 – 1500. Counted among the Scots Makars, he lived in the historic city of Dunfermline and is a distinctive voice in the northern renaissance at a time when Scotland was on a cusp between… …   Wikipedia

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